Aid and Internal Migration in Malawi

42 Pages Posted: 17 Mar 2021

See all articles by Mauro Lanati

Mauro Lanati

European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS)

Marco Sanfilippo

University of Antwerp - Institute of Development Policy and Management

Filippo Santi

University of Florence

Date Written: February 2021

Abstract

This paper uses geographically disaggregated data to investigate the role of foreign aid as a pull factor for internal migration in Malawi over the period 1998-2008. Employing a standard gravity model of migration, we show a positive relationship between the volume of foreign assistance a district receives and the number of immigrants. While aid makes districts more attractive as migrant destinations, there is no evidence of a corresponding push factor effect on internal mobility. We also dig deeper into the mechanisms through which foreign aid can shape internal migration decisions. According to our results, the positive welfare effects of foreign assistance manifest themselves not only through a rise in economic opportunities, but also in improved access to public services in recipient districts.

Keywords: Foreign Aid, Malawi, Sub-Saharan Africa, Internal Migration

Suggested Citation

Lanati, Mauro and Sanfilippo, Marco and Santi, Filippo, Aid and Internal Migration in Malawi (February 2021). Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. RSCAS 2021/18, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3804731 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3804731

Mauro Lanati (Contact Author)

European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS) ( email )

Villa La Fonte, via delle Fontanelle 18
50016 San Domenico di Fiesole
Florence, Florence 50014
Italy

Marco Sanfilippo

University of Antwerp - Institute of Development Policy and Management ( email )

City campus building S
Lange Sint Annastraat 7
Antwerp, 2000
Belgium

Filippo Santi

University of Florence ( email )

Piazza di San Marco, 4
Florence, 50121
Italy

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