Global Realignment in Financial Market Dynamics: Evidence from ETF Networks
37 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2021 Last revised: 23 Mar 2021
Date Written: February 1, 2021
The centrality of the United States in the global financial system is taken for granted, but its response to recent political and epidemiological events has suggested that China now holds a comparable position. Using minute-by-minute data from 2012 to 2020 on the financial performance of twelve country-specific exchange-traded funds, we construct daily snapshots of the global financial network and analyze them for the centrality and connectedness of each country in our sample. We find evidence that the U.S. was central to the global financial system into 2018, but that the U.S.-China trade war of 2018–2019 diminished its centrality, and the Covid-19 outbreak of 2019–2020 increased the centrality of China. These indicators may be the first signals that the global financial system is moving from a unipolar to a bipolar world.
Keywords: Network theory; Centrality; High Frequency Data; ETFs; Financial Crises; Covid-19; International Finance
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