The Road to Integration: Post-Migration Experience and Migrant Housing Behavior in Singapore

32 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2021

See all articles by Yi Fan

Yi Fan

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Real Estate

Ho Pin Teo

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Building

Yong Tu

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Real Estate

Wayne Xinwei Wan

University of Cambridge - Department of Land Economy

Date Written: December 30, 2020

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of migrants’ post-migration experiences on their integration and housing behaviors. Collaborating with a local town council, we surveyed 1,128 households living in Singapore public housing estates and constructed instrumental variables to resolve identification problems. Two sets of empirical findings are established. First, migrants with more extended periods of post-migration residency demonstrate higher integration levels, both spatially and socially. With 1 more year of residency, migrant renters select housing in areas up to 3.01% farther from their workplace, physically and spatially making a way into the host society. Migrant homeowners show stronger social integration than migrant renters, based on both subjective and objective social integration measures. Second, in the public open rental housing market, where migrants in their early post-migration years typically reside, migrant renters pay rents that are lower by up to 0.67% with 1 more year of post-migration residency. A further test shows that a more extended post-migration residency period increases a migrant’s housing search and bargaining power for lower rent due to integration. Our empirical evidence indicates the significance of early years’ post-migration experiences in shaping integration and the importance of integration policy in assisting new migrants.

Keywords: Post-migration experience, social and spatial integration, housing behavior, rent, search and bargaining power

JEL Classification: J15, R21, R23

Suggested Citation

Fan, Yi and Teo, Ho Pin and Tu, Yong and Wan, Wayne Xinwei, The Road to Integration: Post-Migration Experience and Migrant Housing Behavior in Singapore (December 30, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3772823 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3772823

Yi Fan (Contact Author)

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Real Estate ( email )

United States

Ho Pin Teo

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Building

United States

Yong Tu

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Real Estate ( email )

United States

Wayne Xinwei Wan

University of Cambridge - Department of Land Economy ( email )

19 Silver Street
Cambridge, CB3 9EP
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://xinweiwan.weebly.com

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