The Effects of Ownership Structure and Intragroup Loans on Leverage: Evidence From Family Firms in Chile
Mauricio Jara, Cristian Pinto-Gutiérrez & Paula Núñez (2018) The Effects of Ownership Structure and Intragroup Loans on Leverage: Evidence From Family Firms in Chile, Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, 54:11, 2614-2629, DOI: 10.1080/1540496X.2017.1369401
Posted: 11 Mar 2021
Date Written: June 29, 2018
This article examines the effects of family control and pyramidal ownership on firms’ capital structure decisions. After studying a sample of listed family and nonfamily firms in Chile, we find that families take a conservative approach to debt and financial risk exposure. We test the hypothesis that family firms restrict the use of debt in order to avoid the monitoring role of creditors, which could limit their enjoyment of the private benefits of control. In keeping with this hypothesis, we find a U-shaped relationship between leverage and the degree of pyramidal ownership that is more pronounced among family firms than nonfamily firms. We do not find any evidence that is consistent with the hypothesis that family-controlled firms have low leverage ratios due to their access to internal capital markets. In fact, conversely, we find that listed family firms provide more loans to related companies than comparable nonfamily firms.
Keywords: business groups, capital structure, family firms, internal capital markets, ownership structure, pyramidal structure
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