The Impact of Climate on Economic and Financial Cycles: A Markov-switching Panel Approach
64 Pages Posted: 12 Jan 2021
Date Written: January 6, 2021
This paper examines the impact of climate shocks on 13 European economies analysing jointly business and financial cycles, in different phases and disentangling the effects for different sector channels. A Bayesian Panel Markov-switching framework is proposed to jointly estimate the impact of extreme weather events on the economies as well as the interaction between business and financial cycles. Results from the empirical analysis suggest that extreme weather events impact asymmetrically across the different phases of the economy and heterogeneously across the EU countries. Moreover, we highlight how the manufacturing output, a component of the industrial production index, constitutes the main channel through which climate shocks impact the EU economies.
Keywords: Bayesian inference, climate shocks, financial cycle, business cycle, Markov-switching, Multi-country Panel
JEL Classification: C11, C15, C33, C53, E37
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