COVID-19 Is a Persistent Reallocation Shock
12 Pages Posted: 11 Jan 2021
Date Written: January 2, 2021
Drawing on data from the firm-level Survey of Business Uncertainty, we present three pieces of evidence that COVID-19 is a persistent reallocation shock. First, rates of excess job and sales reallocation over 24-month periods have risen sharply since the pandemic struck, especially for sales. We compute these rates by aggregating over monthly firm-level observations that look back 12 months and ahead 12 months. Second, as of December 2020, firm-level forecasts of sales revenue growth over the next year imply a continuation of recent changes, not a reversal. Third, COVID-19 shifted relative employment growth trends in favor of industries with a high capacity of employees to work from home, and against those with a low capacity.
Keywords: COVID-19, reallocation shock, business expectations, working from home, Survey of Business Uncertainty
JEL Classification: D22, D84, E23, E24, J21, J62, J63
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation