The Rise of Communism in China

51 Pages Posted: 27 Feb 2021

See all articles by Ting Chen

Ting Chen

Hong Kong Baptist University - Department of Economics

James Kai-Sing Kung

The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics

Date Written: December 14, 2020

Abstract

We show that the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) experienced significantly faster growth in counties occupied by the Japanese Army than those garrisoned by the Kuomingtang (KMT) during the Sino-Japanese War (c. 1940-45), using the density of middle-to-upper rank Communist cadres (5.4%) and the size of the guerilla base (10.3%) as proxies. The struggle for survival and humiliation caused by wartime sex crimes are the channels through which the CCP ascended to power. We also find that people who live in former Japanese-occupied counties today are significantly more nationalistic and exhibit greater trust in the government than those who reside elsewhere.

Keywords: Communist Revolution, Peasant Nationalism, Struggle for Survival, Humiliation and Hatred, Puppet Troops, China

JEL Classification: D74, F51, F52, N45

Suggested Citation

Chen, Ting and Kung, James Kai-Sing, The Rise of Communism in China (December 14, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3748521 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3748521

Ting Chen (Contact Author)

Hong Kong Baptist University - Department of Economics ( email )

WLB 518, 34 Renfrew Road
Kowloon Tong
Hong Kong, Hong Kong NA
Hong Kong

James Kai-Sing Kung

The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Business and Economics ( email )

Pokfulam Road
Hong Kong
China

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