Waste Generation, Wealth and GHG Emissions From the Waste Sector: Is Denmark on the Path Towards Circular Economy?

Science of the Total Environment, Volume 755, Part 1, 10 February 2021, DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142510, ISSN: 0048-9697

Posted: 18 Feb 2021

See all articles by Cosimo Magazzino

Cosimo Magazzino

University of Rome III; Royal Economic Society; Italian Economic Association

Marco Mele

Luspio University - School of Political Sciences

Nicolas Schneider

Centre d'Économie de la Sorbonne (CES) - Center of Economics of the Sorbonne (CES); University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne, Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne (CES), Students

Samuel Asumadu Sarkodie

University of Nordland - Nord University Business School

Date Written: 2021

Abstract

Municipal solid waste (MSW) is one of the most urgent issues associated with economic growth and urban population. When untreated, it generates harmful and toxic substances spreading out into the soils. When treated, they produce an important amount of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions directly contributing to global warming. With its promising path to sustainability, the Danish case is of high interest since estimated results are thought to bring useful information for policy purposes. Here, we exploit the most recent and available data period (1994–2017) and investigate the causal relationship between MSW generation per capita, income level, urbanization, and GHG emissions from the waste sector in Denmark. We use an experiment based on Artificial Neural Networks and the Breitung-Candelon Spectral Granger-causality test to understand how the variables, object of the study, manage to interact within a complex ecosystem such as the environment and waste. Through numerous tests in Machine Learning, we arrive at results that imply how economic growth, identifiable by changes in per capita GDP, affects the acceleration and the velocity of the neural signal with waste emissions. We observe a periodical shift from the traditional linear economy to a circular economy that has important policy implications.

Keywords: Municipal solid waste; Breitung-Candelon spectral Granger-causality; Waste sector; Recycling; Environmental sustainability; Machine learning

Suggested Citation

Magazzino, Cosimo and Mele, Marco and Schneider, Nicolas and Sarkodie, Samuel Asumadu, Waste Generation, Wealth and GHG Emissions From the Waste Sector: Is Denmark on the Path Towards Circular Economy? (2021). Science of the Total Environment, Volume 755, Part 1, 10 February 2021, DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142510, ISSN: 0048-9697, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3745081

Cosimo Magazzino (Contact Author)

University of Rome III ( email )

Via Ostiense 139
Rome, RM 00154
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://scienzepolitiche.uniroma3.it/cmagazzino/

Royal Economic Society ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Italian Economic Association ( email )

Piazzale Martelli, 8
Ancona, AN 60121
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.siecon.org/online/en/

Marco Mele

Luspio University - School of Political Sciences ( email )

Rome
Italy

Nicolas Schneider

Centre d'Économie de la Sorbonne (CES) - Center of Economics of the Sorbonne (CES) ( email )

106-112 bd de l'Hôpital
Paris, 75642
France

University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne, Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne (CES), Students ( email )

106-112 Boulevard de l'hopital
Paris Cedex 13
France

Samuel Asumadu Sarkodie

University of Nordland - Nord University Business School ( email )

Bodø, 8049
Norway

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