Harnessing Artificial Intelligence (AI) to Increase Wellbeing for All: the Case for a New Technology Diplomacy

Telecommunications Policy 44 (2020)

Quello Center Working Paper

14 Pages Posted: 8 Dec 2020

See all articles by Claudio Feijoo

Claudio Feijoo

Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

Youngsun Kwon

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology(KAIST)

Johannes M. Bauer

Michigan State University-Department of Media and Information

Erik Bohlin

Chalmers University of Technology

Bronwyn E. Howell

Victoria University of Wellington - School of Management

Rekha Jain

Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad

Petrus H. Potgieter

University of South Africa; Institute for Technology and Network Economics

Vu Minh Khuong

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy

Jason Whalley

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jun Xia

Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications (BUPT) - School of Economics and Management

Date Written: May 6, 2020

Abstract

The field of artificial intelligence (AI) is experiencing a period of intense progress due to the consolidation of several key technological enablers. AI is already deployed widely and has a high impact on work and daily life activities. The continuation of this process will likely contribute to deep economic and social changes. To realise the tremendous benefits of AI while mitigating undesirable effects will require enlightened responses by many stakeholders. Varying national institutional, economic, political, and cultural conditions will influence how AI will affect convenience, efficiency, personalisation, privacy protection, and surveillance of citizens. Many expect that the winners of the AI development race will dominate the coming decades economically and geopolitically, potentially exacerbating tensions between countries. Moreover, nations are under pressure to protect their citizens and their interests—and even their own political stability—in the face of possible malicious or biased uses of AI. On the one hand, these different stressors and emphases in AI development and deployment among nations risk a fragmentation between world regions that threatens technology evolution and collaboration. On the other hand, some level of differentiation will likely enrich the global AI ecosystem in ways that stimulate innovation and introduce competitive checks and balances through the decentralisation of AI development. International cooperation, typically orchestrated by intergovernmental and non- governmental organisations, private sector initiatives, and by academic researchers, has improved common welfare and avoided undesirable outcomes in other technology areas. Because AI will most likely have more fundamental effects on our lives than other recent technologies, stronger forms of cooperation that address broader policy and governance challenges in addition to regulatory and technological issues may be needed. At a time of great challenges among nations, international policy coordination remains a necessary instrument to tackle the ethical, cultural, economic, and political repercussions of AI. We propose to advance the emerging concept of technology diplomacy to facilitate the global alignment of AI policy and governance and create a vibrant AI innovation system. We argue that the prevention of malicious uses of AI and the enhancement of human welfare create strong common interests across jurisdictions that require sustained efforts to develop better, mutually beneficial approaches. We hope that new technology diplomacy will facilitate the dialogues necessary to help all interested parties develop a shared understanding and coordinate efforts to utilise AI for the benefit of humanity, a task whose difficulty should not be underestimated.

Keywords: artificial intelligence, human well-being, decentralisation, protectionism, techno-nationalism, fragmentation, technology diplomacy, international collaborative governance

JEL Classification: F53, F68, H77, L86, O33

Suggested Citation

Feijoo, Claudio and Kwon, Youngsun and Bauer, Johannes M. and Bohlin, Erik and Howell, Bronwyn E. and Jain, Rekha and Potgieter, Petrus H. and Khuong, Vu Minh and Whalley, Jason and Xia, Jun, Harnessing Artificial Intelligence (AI) to Increase Wellbeing for All: the Case for a New Technology Diplomacy (May 6, 2020). Telecommunications Policy 44 (2020), Quello Center Working Paper , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3744405

Claudio Feijoo (Contact Author)

Universidad Politécnica de Madrid ( email )

Ciudad Universitaria
Madrid, MA Madrid 28040
United States

Youngsun Kwon

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology(KAIST) ( email )

373-1 Kusong-dong
Yuson-gu
Taejon 305-701, 130-722
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Johannes M. Bauer

Michigan State University-Department of Media and Information ( email )

409 Communication Arts Building
East Lansing, MI 48824-1212
United States
517-355-8372 (Phone)
517-355-1292 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.msu.edu/~bauerj

Erik Bohlin

Chalmers University of Technology ( email )

SE-412 96 Goteborg
Sweden

Bronwyn E. Howell

Victoria University of Wellington - School of Management ( email )

Wellington 6001
New Zealand
+64 4 463 5563 (Phone)
+64 4 463 5566 (Fax)

Rekha Jain

Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad ( email )

Vastrapur
Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380 015
India

Petrus H. Potgieter

University of South Africa ( email )

P.O. Box 392
UNISA
Pretoria, Gauteng 0003
South Africa
+27 12 433 4622 (Phone)

Institute for Technology and Network Economics ( email )

Posbus 2015
Groenkloof, 0027
South Africa

HOME PAGE: http://www.itne.eu

Vu Minh Khuong

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy ( email )

Singapore 117591
Singapore

Jason Whalley

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jun Xia

Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications (BUPT) - School of Economics and Management ( email )

10 Xi Tu Cheng Rd.
Mailbox 164
Beijing, Beijing 100876
China

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