Changing Cropping System in Theory and Practice: An Economic Insight into the Agrarian West Bengal
De, Utpal Kumar (2003), "Changing Cropping System in Theory and Practice: An Economic Insight into the Agrarian West Bengal", Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 58(1), 64-83.
Posted: 10 Feb 2021
Date Written: December 3, 2020
The present paper examines the basic reasons for crop diversification in West Bengal, one of the important agricultural states of India. The analysis reveals that development of irrigation and technology in other fields are the main factors behind the relatively rapid expansion of cultivation of boro rice, potato and mustard in West Bengal. Growth of chemical fertilizer also plays an important role in accelerating the growth of those crops. Though availability of inputs, location of plots and technology of cultivation of crops play some important role, the relative profitability expected by the farmers from different combinations of crops ultimately becomes instrumental in the planning of allocation of limited land holdings of the cultivators. The farmers prefer that combination of crops from which they can derive maximum possible net revenue at least possible risk, if there is no dearth of essential factors of cultivation of those crops. Sustainability of income that can be obtained from their limited plots is also considered by the rational farmers. However, the choice of crops to be grown though a matter of cost-benefit in a commercial system, it is bound to come to a limit unless it is supported by those supporting factors like irrigation facility, availability of chemical fertilizer, improved implements and technical knowledge.
Keywords: Crop Diversification, Technology, Profitability, Sustainability
JEL Classification: Q0, Q10, Q20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation