Examining Early Effects of Tobacco 21 on Substance Use among Teenagers

41 Pages Posted: 12 Jan 2021 Last revised: 18 Mar 2021

See all articles by Rahi Abouk

Rahi Abouk

William Paterson University

Prabal K. De

City College of New York; CUNY Graduate Center

Michael Pesko

Georgia State University - Department of Economics

Date Written: March 18, 2021

Abstract

We examine the effect of Tobacco 21 laws, which raise the minimum legal sale age of tobacco to 21, on cigarette and e-cigarette use rates for middle school and high school students in the United States. We estimate difference-in-differences models using the Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey data from 2012 to 2018. Our results suggest that these laws reduce cigarette use among underage 12th graders by 28 percent. These effects were particularly pronounced for males and racial/ethnic minorities. We also find limited evidence of these laws affecting cigarette use for 8th and 10th graders. Finally, we find no evidence of these laws affecting e-cigarette use, alcohol use, or marijuana use.

Keywords: Youth Smoking, Tobacco 21

JEL Classification: I12, I18

Suggested Citation

Abouk, Rahi and De, Prabal and Pesko, Michael, Examining Early Effects of Tobacco 21 on Substance Use among Teenagers (March 18, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3737506 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3737506

Rahi Abouk (Contact Author)

William Paterson University ( email )

Prabal De

City College of New York ( email )

Convert Avenue at 138th Street
New York, NY 10031
United States

CUNY Graduate Center ( email )

365 Fifth Avenue, 5th Floor
New York, NY 10016
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://prabal.commons.gc.cuny.edu/

Michael Pesko

Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 3992
Atlanta, GA 30302-3992
United States

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