Identifying Early Warning Indicators for Real Estate-Related Banking Crises

69 Pages Posted: 5 Nov 2020

See all articles by Stijn Ferrari

Stijn Ferrari

National Bank of Belgium

Mara Pirovano

National Bank of Belgium

Wanda Cornacchia

Bank of Italy

Date Written: August, 2015

Abstract

This Occasional Paper presents a formal statistical evaluation of potential early warning indicators for real estate-related banking crises. Relying on data on real estate-related banking crises for 25 EU countries, a signalling approach is applied in both a non-parametric and a parametric (discrete choice) setting. Such an analysis evaluates the predictive power of potential early warning indicators on the basis of the trade-off between correctly predicting upcoming crisis events and issuing false alarms. The results in this paper provide an analytical underpinning for decision-making based on guided discretion with regard to the activation of macro-prudential instruments targeted to the real estate sector. After the publication of the ESRB Handbook and the Occasional Paper on the countercyclical capital buffer, it represents a next step in the ESRB’s work on the operationalisation of macroprudential policy in the banking sector. This Occasional Paper highlights the important role of both real estate price variables and credit developments in predicting real estate-related banking crises. The results indicate that, in addition to cyclical developments in these variables, it is crucial to monitor the structural dimension of real estate prices and credit. In multivariate settings macroeconomic and market variables such as the inflation rate and short-term interest rates may add to the early warning performance of these variables. Overall, the findings indicate that combining multiple variables improves early warning signalling performance compared with assessing each indicator separately, both in the non-parametric and the parametric approach. Combinations of the abovementioned indicators lead to lower probabilities of missing crises while at the same time not issuing too many false alarms. In addition to EU level, they also perform relatively well at individual country level. Even though the best performing indicators have relatively good signalling abilities at the individual country level, national authorities are encouraged to perform their own complementary analyses in abroader framework of systemic risk detection, which augments potential early warning indicators and methods with other relevant inputs and expert judgement.

Keywords: early warning indicators, real estate, banking crises

JEL Classification: G21, G18, E58

Suggested Citation

Ferrari, Stijn and Pirovano, Mara and Cornacchia, Wanda, Identifying Early Warning Indicators for Real Estate-Related Banking Crises (August, 2015). ESRB: Occasional Paper Series No. 2015/08, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3723339

Stijn Ferrari (Contact Author)

National Bank of Belgium ( email )

Brussels, B-1000
Belgium

Mara Pirovano

National Bank of Belgium ( email )

Brussels, B-1000
Belgium

Wanda Cornacchia

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

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