Analysing Nigeria-Boko Haram Conflict Through the Prism of Marx’s Theory of Economic Determinism
Posted: 28 Dec 2020
Date Written: October 25, 2020
This work analysis the conflict between Nigeria and Boko Haram from the perspectives of Karl Marx’s theory of Economic Determinism. It argues that the major factor responsible for the intractable nature of the conflict is the material benefit the political elites derives from its prolongation. The authors use the theory of Economic Determinism to show in vivid details how the ruling oligarchs in Nigeria have frustrated every attempt to end the conflict. The work shows specific instances between 2009 and 2019 where the ruling oligarchs in Nigeria acted actively to truncate every effort made to resolve the conflict between Nigeria and Boko Haram because of their desire to have unrestricted access to the country’s finances. This includes, but not limited to, the Shaldag contracts scandal of 2010, Dasukigate scandal of 2013 and the Arms procurement scandal of 2014. In its conclusion, the authors argue that Nigeria will have to incorporate ideas and concepts like transparency, control and monitoring, and societal inclusiveness into her conflict resolution process if it hopes to defeat the Boko Haram group.
Keywords: Terrorism, Economic Determinism, Oligarchs, Blueprint, Nigeria
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