The Performance of Consumers' Cooperatives in America

59 Pages Posted: 20 Oct 2020

See all articles by John H. Pencavel

John H. Pencavel

Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research (SIEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

A series of observations on various types of cooperatives is constructed from intermittent surveys between 1920 and 1950 and, where possible, these are extended to recent years. These observations allow several questions to be taken up: how well have organizations that resemble consumers' cooperatives fared in the U.S. economy over the last century? ; are consumers' cooperatives viable organizations in an economy dominated by capital-owned firms? ; where have cooperatives made their mark?; what role has government played in the patterns of cooperative development? Suggestions for further research on cooperatives are proposed.

Keywords: cooperatives, mutual organizations, utilities, medical care, agriculture

JEL Classification: P13, P17, N82

Suggested Citation

Pencavel, John H., The Performance of Consumers' Cooperatives in America. IZA Discussion Paper No. 13787, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3713628

John H. Pencavel (Contact Author)

Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research (SIEPR) ( email )

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Stanford, CA 94305-6015
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650-725-0293 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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