Effect of COVID-19 on Indian Agricultural System: A 10-Point Strategy for Post-Pandemic Recovery

8 Pages Posted: 12 Oct 2020

See all articles by A G Adeeth Cariappa

A G Adeeth Cariappa

ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute

Kamlesh Kumar Acharya

National Dairy Research Institute - Department of Dairy Economics, Statistics & Management

Chaitanya Adhav

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute - Department of Dairy Economics, Statistics and Management

Sendhil R

ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research

P. Ramasundaram

Indian Council of Agricultural Research

Date Written: October 10, 2020

Abstract

COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the Indian agricultural system extensively. Nevertheless, the recent quarterly GDP estimates showcases robustness and resilience of Indian agriculture, the only sector to register a positive growth of 3.4%. In the paper, we aim to synthesize the early evidence of COVID-19 effect on Indian agricultural system viz., production, marketing and consumption followed by a set of potential strategies to recover and prosper post-pandemic. Survey findings indicate that the pandemic has affected production and marketing through labor and logistical constraints; while negative income shock, restricted access to markets and increased prices of food commodities affected the consumption pattern. The pandemic wreaked a substantial physical, social, economic and emotional havoc on all the stakeholders of Indian agricultural system. Seizing the crisis as an opportunity, the state announced a slew of measures and long-pending reforms. We draw a 10-point strategy ranging from social safety nets, family farming, monetizing buffer stock, staggered procurement to secondary agriculture to revive and prosper post-pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19, agricultural system, food system, impact, 10-point strategy

JEL Classification: E31, Q11, Q18, Q13

Suggested Citation

Cariappa, A G Adeeth and Acharya, Kamlesh Kumar and Adhav, Chaitanya and R, Sendhil and Ramasundaram, P., Effect of COVID-19 on Indian Agricultural System: A 10-Point Strategy for Post-Pandemic Recovery (October 10, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3708760 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3708760

A G Adeeth Cariappa (Contact Author)

ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute ( email )

Karnal, Haryana 132001
India
+919741000909 (Phone)

Kamlesh Kumar Acharya

National Dairy Research Institute - Department of Dairy Economics, Statistics & Management ( email )

Karnal (Haryana) 132 001
India
9437204130 (Phone)

Chaitanya Adhav

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute - Department of Dairy Economics, Statistics and Management ( email )

Karnal (Haryana) 132 001
India

Sendhil R

ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research ( email )

PO Box 158, Agarsain Marg
Karnal, 132001
India
132001 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://https://iiwbr.icar.gov.in/team_member/dr-r-sendhil/

P. Ramasundaram

Indian Council of Agricultural Research ( email )

Krishi Anusandhan Bhavan II
Pusa
New Delhi 110012, Delhi 110012
India
9716134485 (Phone)
110012 (Fax)

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