Infant Mortality in Turkey: Causes and Effects in a Regional Context
Papers in Regional Science, 2020
49 Pages Posted: 30 Nov 2020
Date Written: October 7, 2020
This study attempts to identify the causal and/or direct effects of sociocultural determinants of infant mortality in Turkey within a regional context using causal graph analysis and global and local spatial models. The conceptual framework, combined with the data, shows that fertility and consanguinity have direct effects on infant mortality rates and that female illiteracy, as a proxy for maternal education, is a key cause of rising infant mortality even in the presence of latent confounding. The surface of estimates further show that the local effects of female illiteracy and consanguinity are non-stationary across space, calling for location-specific policies.
Keywords: infant mortality; female education; causal graph; spatial dependence; spatial heterogeneity
JEL Classification: I11; I15; R11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation