The Less Intelligent the Elements, the More Intelligent the Whole. Or, Possibly Not?

21 Pages Posted: 13 Nov 2020

See all articles by Guido Fioretti

Guido Fioretti

University of Bologna

Andrea Policarpi

University of Bologna

Date Written: September 25, 2020

Abstract

We dare to make use of a possible analogy between neurons in a brain and people in society, asking ourselves whether individual intelligence is necessary in order to collective wisdom to emerge and, most importantly, what sort of individual intelligence is conducive of greater collective wisdom. We review insights and findings from connectionism, agent-based modeling, group psychology, economics and physics, casting them in terms of changing structure of the system's Lyapunov function. Finally, we apply these insights to the sort and degrees of intelligence of preys and predators in the Lotka-Volterra model, explaining why certain individual understandings lead to co-existence of the two species whereas other usages of their individual intelligence cause global extinction.

Keywords: Individual Intelligence, Collective Wisdom, Social Connectionism, Lotka-Volterra

JEL Classification: A00, C00

Suggested Citation

Fioretti, Guido and Policarpi, Andrea, The Less Intelligent the Elements, the More Intelligent the Whole. Or, Possibly Not? (September 25, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3699365 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3699365

Guido Fioretti (Contact Author)

University of Bologna ( email )

Via Capo di Lucca 34
Bologna, 40126
Italy

Andrea Policarpi

University of Bologna ( email )

Bologna
Italy

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