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Solving the Energy Transition Riddle: Renewable Gas for Transport and Renewable Electricity for Heating

39 Pages Posted: 12 Oct 2020 Publication Status: Review Complete

See all articles by Behrang Shirizadeh

Behrang Shirizadeh

CIRED, International Research Center on Environment & Development, France; Deloitte FA, Economic Advisory

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Abstract

Many studies have analyzed the energy mix at national and continental scales, suggesting different low-carbon mixes for future energy systems. While there is abundant literature on the energy mix for different sectors, fewer studies deal with the impact of sector-coupling on achieving the goal of deep decarbonization, with limited representation of emerging low-carbon options and incomplete coverage of the main energy sectors. We develop an integrated optimization-of-dispatch and investment model for the whole energy sector, enabling full sector-coupling, and we apply this model to France for the year 2050. Our results suggest that a robust social cost of carbon of €300/tCO 2 will achieve carbon-neutrality, with a high proportion of renewables on the supply side (> 80% of primary energy production). A fully electrified heat sector and a highly gas-dependent transport sector fueled with renewable gas help reaching carbon-neutrality under the most cost-optimal conditions.

Keywords: Energy systems modelling, large-scale renewable integration, sector-coupling, social cost of carbon, renewable gas, nuclear energy, variable renewables, negative emissions.

Suggested Citation

Shirizadeh, Behrang, Solving the Energy Transition Riddle: Renewable Gas for Transport and Renewable Electricity for Heating. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3690469 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3690469
This is a paper under consideration at Cell Press and has not been peer-reviewed.

Behrang Shirizadeh (Contact Author)

CIRED, International Research Center on Environment & Development, France ( email )

Campus du Jardin Tropical
45 bis avenue de la Belle Gabrielle
F94736 Nogent sur Marne Cedex
France

Deloitte FA, Economic Advisory ( email )

Tour Majunga, 6 Place de la Pyramide
Paris-la-Défense, Paris-la-Défense Cedex 92908
France

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