Spousal Concordance in Joint and Separate Households: Survey Evidence from Nepal

IFPRI Discussion Paper 1958

38 Pages Posted: 30 Sep 2020

See all articles by Kate Ambler

Kate Ambler

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Cheryl R. Doss

University of Oxford - Department of International Development

Caitlin Kieran

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Students

Simone Passarelli

Nutrition Department at the Harvard T.H Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University

Date Written: August 14, 2020

Abstract

Using data from Nepal, we analyze patterns of concordance between spouses on survey questions regarding asset ownership and decision making separately for households in which a respondent couple lives with the husband’s parents and those in which they do not. We consider concordance regarding both the roles of women respondents and the roles of people other than the respondent couple. We find that discordance regarding women’s roles is both substantial and systematic; women are much more likely than men to report women’s participation in asset ownership and decision making, and this qualitative pattern is similar across household types. Regarding the role of others, the modal response in joint households is concordance that others own assets and make decisions. However, women are more likely than men to acknowledge this role of others. Next, we find that spousal concordance that women have a role, and wives reporting they have a role while their husbands say that they do not, are both correlated with some improved measures of well-being. In households with in-laws present, concordance that others are involved is correlated with worse outcomes for women. These results highlight that spousal concordance is not necessarily indicative of women's well-being, especially in joint households.

Keywords: Nepal, South Asia, Asia, households, assets, gender, women, decision making, measurement, intrahousehold, intergenerational, spousal concordance

Suggested Citation

Ambler, Kate and Doss, Cheryl R. and Kieran, Caitlin and Passarelli, Simone, Spousal Concordance in Joint and Separate Households: Survey Evidence from Nepal (August 14, 2020). IFPRI Discussion Paper 1958, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3674103

Kate Ambler (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Cheryl R. Doss

University of Oxford - Department of International Development ( email )

3 Mansfield Road
Oxford, OX1 3TB
United Kingdom

Caitlin Kieran

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Students ( email )

CA
United States

Simone Passarelli

Nutrition Department at the Harvard T.H Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University ( email )

1875 Cambridge Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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