Administrative Functions of Implementation, Control of Administrative Decisions, and Protection of Rights

Br. J. Am. Leg. Studies 10(1) (2021), 1-25

28 Pages Posted: 18 Aug 2020 Last revised: 27 Mar 2021

See all articles by Ricardo Perlingeiro

Ricardo Perlingeiro

Fluminense Federal University - Faculty of Law; Estácio de Sá University - MA and PhD Programs in Law; Birmingham City University - Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences

Date Written: August 3, 2020

Abstract

This essay includes a comparative analysis of the traditions of administrative law in Latin American and their impact on the contemporary scene and trends in the general orientations of its administrative justice systems. This analysis is limited to Latin American countries of Iberian origin under the jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (“I/A Court H.R”). The method followed by the author is to point out the roles attributable to the administrative authorities and to attempt to identify a distinction in Latin America between the “administrative function of implementation”, “control of the legality of administrative decisions” (unrelated to any adjudicative function) and the “protection of rights” (by means of an adjudicative function) while examining their historical genesis and possible future trends. From that perspective, the text discusses certain administrative powers, such as disciplinary or other regulatory powers, and their forms of concrete application; the prerogatives and instruments of the authorities and of their decision-making employees in the exercise of the functions of implementation; the control of administrative decisions by those authorities themselves and by external bodies; and judicial and extrajudicial protection of rights against administrative decisions. The author concludes that Latin American administrative law, despite the fact that its civil-law substantive roots have always coexisted with judicial review typical of common law, is currently tending, on the one hand, to approximate the U.S. model of administrative adjudication and, on the other, to adapt to I/A Court H.R case law with respect to the administrative function of implementation in harmony with the fundamental right to good administration which, combined with a critical re-examination of diffuse control of the legality of administrative rules in court, would safeguard the true role of adjudicating bodies (administrative authorities or courts) in their function of protecting individual rights for the sake of more fair and equitable administrative justice.

Keywords: Latin American; Comparative Law; Administrative Justice; Courts

JEL Classification: I18, K32, K33, K23, K41, I11, I28, H75, H51, N46

Suggested Citation

Perlingeiro, Ricardo, Administrative Functions of Implementation, Control of Administrative Decisions, and Protection of Rights (August 3, 2020). Br. J. Am. Leg. Studies 10(1) (2021), 1-25, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3666396

Ricardo Perlingeiro (Contact Author)

Fluminense Federal University - Faculty of Law ( email )

Rua Presidente Pedreira, 62
Niterói, 24210-470
Brazil

Estácio de Sá University - MA and PhD Programs in Law ( email )

Avenida Presidente Vargas, 642
Rio de Janeiro, 20071-001
Brazil

Birmingham City University - Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences ( email )

4 Cardigan Street
Birmingham, B4 7BD
United Kingdom

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