Forgeries of Medieval Bracteates
Polish Numismatic News, Vol. 63(1), pp. 165-177, 2019
14 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2020
Date Written: August 19, 2019
Forgeries of coins can either be contemporary or modern. Already in the Middle Ages, it was well known that bracteates were considerably more difficult to counterfeit than two-faced coins. The main reason is that bracteates are struck with a more complicated technology originating from goldsmithing. Therefore, most bracteate forgeries have been produced since the eighteenth century. Compared to original bracteates, modern bracteate forgeries often have the following characteristics: 1) an incorrect weight; 2) a lower relief; 3) sharper contours on the reverse; 4) an artistically clumsy design; 5) evidence of being struck with the same die if there are several specimens; and/or 6) empty fields in the background.
Keywords: bracteates, forgeries, Middle Ages, counterfeiter, Nicholaus Seeländer, coin production
JEL Classification: N13, O30
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation