Park Municipalities and Mortality during the COVID-19 Pandemic

22 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2020

See all articles by Leonardo Becchetti

Leonardo Becchetti

University of Rome Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics

Gianluigi Conzo

University of Rome Tor Vergata - Department of Economics and Finance

Pierluigi Conzo

University of Turin - Department of Economics and Statistics; Collegio Carlo Alberto

Francesco Salustri

UCL Institute for Global Health

Date Written: June 12, 2020

Abstract

There is widespread debate on the drivers of heterogeneity of adverse COVID-19 pandemic outcomes and, more specifically, on the role played by context-specific factors. We contribute to this literature by testing the role of environmental factors as measured by environmentally protected areas. We test our research hypothesis by showing that the difference between the number of daily deaths per 1,000 inhabitants in 2020 and the 2018-19 average during the pandemic period is significantly lower in Italian municipalities located in environmentally protected areas such as national parks or regional parks. After controlling for fixed effects and various concurring factors, municipalities with higher share of environmentally protected areas show significantly lower mortality during the pandemic than municipalities that do not benefit from such environmental amenities.

Keywords: COVID-19, pollution, natural parks

JEL Classification: I12, Q53

Suggested Citation

Becchetti, Leonardo and Conzo, Gianluigi and Conzo, Pierluigi and Salustri, Francesco, Park Municipalities and Mortality during the COVID-19 Pandemic (June 12, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3625606 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3625606

Leonardo Becchetti

University of Rome Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics ( email )

Via Columbia, 2
I-00133 Rome
Italy

Gianluigi Conzo

University of Rome Tor Vergata - Department of Economics and Finance ( email )

Rome
Italy

Pierluigi Conzo (Contact Author)

University of Turin - Department of Economics and Statistics ( email )

Campus Luigi Einaudi
Lungo Dora Siena 100 A
Torino, Torino 10153
Italy
011/6703892 (Phone)
011/6703895 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.pieroconzo.altervista.org/wordpress/

Collegio Carlo Alberto ( email )

Piazza Arbarello, 8
Torino, 10122
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.carloalberto.org/people/faculty/affiliates/pierluigi-conzo/

Francesco Salustri

UCL Institute for Global Health ( email )

United Kingdom

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