Rethinking Country Effects: Robotics, AI and Work Futures in Norway and the UK

18 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2020

See all articles by Caroline Lloyd

Caroline Lloyd

University of Warwick - ESRC Centre on Skills, Knowledge and Organisational Performance (SKOPE)

Jonathan Payne

Leicester Castle Business School

Date Written: November 2019

Abstract

Current debates around robotics and artificial intelligence (AI) are dominated by concerns over the threat to employment, amid widely varying estimates of potential job losses. Countries are expected to fare differently, but there is little comparative research that goes beyond analysing industry and occupational structures. This article rethinks ‘country effects’ by exploring the role of institutions and social actors in shaping technological change in Norway and the UK. Drawing upon interviews with technology experts, employer associations and trade unions, it examines their perspectives on public policy support for the development and diffusion of robotics and AI, along with potential consequences for employment, work and skills. The research indicates significant country differences and the continued relevance of institutions, interests and power in analysing country effects.

Keywords: robotics, AI, institutions, trade unions, employment, skills, Norway, UK

Suggested Citation

Lloyd, Caroline and Payne, Jonathan, Rethinking Country Effects: Robotics, AI and Work Futures in Norway and the UK (November 2019). New Technology, Work and Employment, Vol. 34, Issue 3, pp. 208-225, 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3614750 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ntwe.12149

Caroline Lloyd (Contact Author)

University of Warwick - ESRC Centre on Skills, Knowledge and Organisational Performance (SKOPE) ( email )

Gibbet Hill Rd.
Coventry, West Midlands CV4 8UW
United Kingdom

Jonathan Payne

Leicester Castle Business School ( email )

The Gateway
Leicester, LE1 9BH
United Kingdom

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