The Gilets Jaunes: Offline and Online

51 Pages Posted: 28 May 2020

See all articles by Pierre Boyer

Pierre Boyer

Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Thomas Delemotte

CREST - ENSAE

Germain Gauthier

Institut Polytechnique de Paris; CREST - ENSAE

Vincent Rollet

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST)

Benoit Schmutz

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST)

Date Written: May 2020

Abstract

We study the Gilets jaunes movement, which blocked most of France off in November 2018. We first analyze the complementarity/substitutability between the different forms of mobilization and find that blockades were planned online and later reinforced online activism. Second, we do textual analysis and show that online discussions evolved from local concerns to widespread critique. Finally, while the Gilets jaunes refused to designate candidates for the subsequent European elections, we ask whether the movement had electoral consequences nonetheless. We show that blockades boosted the performance of the government's party in its bastions, except when they nurtured further online dissent.

Keywords: Gilets jaunes, Protests, social media, spatial inequalities, Yellow vests

JEL Classification: C83, F15, J40, J60, J80

Suggested Citation

Boyer, Pierre C. and Delemotte, Thomas and Gauthier, Germain and Rollet, Vincent and Schmutz, Benoit, The Gilets Jaunes: Offline and Online (May 2020). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP14780, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3612849

Pierre C. Boyer (Contact Author)

Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau - Department of Economics ( email )

Route de Saclay
Palaiseau, 91120
France

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Thomas Delemotte

CREST - ENSAE ( email )

France

Germain Gauthier

Institut Polytechnique de Paris ( email )

Palaiseau Cedex
France

CREST - ENSAE ( email )

France

Vincent Rollet

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST) ( email )

15 Boulevard Gabriel Peri
Malakoff Cedex, 1 92245
France

Benoit Schmutz

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST) ( email )

15 Boulevard Gabriel Peri
Malakoff Cedex, 1 92245
France

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