Food Trade and Biodiversity Effects

43 Pages Posted: 22 May 2020

See all articles by Cecilia Bellora

Cecilia Bellora

Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Info. Internationales (CEPII)

Jean-Marc Bourgeon

French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) - UMR Economie Publique; Ecole Polytechnique - Economic Department

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Date Written: November 2019

Abstract

Pests create biodiversity effects that increase food production risks and decrease productivity when agricultural production is specialized. Pesticides contain these effects, but damage the environment and human health. When opening to trade, governments are tempted to restrict pesticide use because, with more food being imported, less pesticide is needed for domestic consumption. However, pesticide restrictions hinder the competitiveness of their agricultural sector on international markets. We show that restrictions on pesticides are more stringent under free trade than under autarky, which reduces the gains from trade, and that trade increases food price volatility.

Suggested Citation

Bellora, Cecilia and Bourgeon, Jean-Marc, Food Trade and Biodiversity Effects (November 2019). International Economic Review, Vol. 60, Issue 4, pp. 1957-1999, 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3602107 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iere.12408

Cecilia Bellora (Contact Author)

Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Info. Internationales (CEPII) ( email )

20 avenue de S├ęgur
Paris, 75007
France

HOME PAGE: http://www.cepii.fr/

Jean-Marc Bourgeon

French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) - UMR Economie Publique ( email )

Centre de Grignon
BP01
Thiverval-Grignon, 78850
France

Ecole Polytechnique - Economic Department ( email )

Palaiseau, 91128
France

HOME PAGE: http://www.polytechnique.edu

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