Blockchain Code as Antitrust

Berkeley Technology Law Journal

14 Pages Posted: 18 May 2020 Last revised: 8 Feb 2021

See all articles by Thibault Schrepel

Thibault Schrepel

Stanford University's Codex Center; Utrecht University School of Law; University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne; Sciences Po

Vitalik Buterin

Ethereum Foundation

Date Written: May 18, 2020


In this article, the authors show that blockchain can help in reaching the goals of antitrust law in situations where the rule of law does not (fully) apply. They detail what needs to be done to this end, from both a technical and legal standpoint.

Keywords: Block-chain, Antitrust, Smart Contract, Block-chain Antitrust, Transaction, International Transactions, Rule of Law, Rule of Code

JEL Classification: K21, K2, K22, K23, K1, K29, D23, D21, D22, D29, C70, C71, C72, K24, K33, K42, K40, K41, L12, L14, L1

Suggested Citation

Schrepel, Thibault and Buterin, Vitalik, Blockchain Code as Antitrust (May 18, 2020). Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Available at SSRN: or

Thibault Schrepel (Contact Author)

Stanford University's Codex Center ( email )

559 Nathan Abbott Way
Stanford, CA 94305-8610
United States

Utrecht University School of Law ( email )

Janskerkhof 3
Utrecht, 3512 BK

University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne ( email )


Sciences Po ( email )

27 rue Saint-Guillaume
Paris Cedex 07, 75337

Vitalik Buterin

Ethereum Foundation ( email )

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