Last Mile Delivery by Drone
International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), Volume 8, Issue 07 (2020)
4 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2020
Date Written: May 2, 2020
Online retailers and delivery companies such as Amazon, are already filing up patents for the development of multi-level fulfillment centers for unmanned aerial vehicles or “drone-beehives” that would allow the deployment of this technology within built environment. A substantial amount of research has been carried out in the last years on the potential use of drones for parcel delivery, principally in the area of logistic optimization. However, little is known about the potential market and economic viability of such services in Worldwide. This paper presents a modeling framework using user-wide high-resolution population and land-use data to estimate the potential optimal location of drone-beehives based on economic viability criterion. It estimates the potential number of user model citizens that could potentially benefit from last mile-drone delivery services fewer than four scenarios. The performed analyses indicates that under the scenario considered as the most technologically realistic, up to 7% of user citizens could get access to such services. When considering technological improvements scenarios, the share reaches 30%. Furthermore, results suggest that due to the differences in population and land-use patterns in the different Member States, the potential drone coverage across Worldwide could be very heterogeneous, with the UK, Germany, Italy, France and India appearing as the most likely countries where drone-beehives may have the most efficient development.
Keywords: Emergency service, Pharmacy needs, Safety equipment, Access to Service
JEL Classification: L14, L87
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation