The Epidemic Effect: Global Governance Institutions Mitigate the Effects of Epidemics

75 Pages Posted: 17 Apr 2020 Last revised: 2 Jan 2021

See all articles by Belinda Archibong

Belinda Archibong

Columbia University - Barnard College

Francis Annan

Georgia State University

Uche Eseosa Ekhator-Mobayode

World Bank

Date Written: June 29, 2020

Abstract

Epidemics can have deleterious effects on economic development except mitigated through global governance institutions. We examine the effects of sudden exposure to disease on economic outcomes using evidence from the African meningitis belt. Meningitis shocks reduce economic activity and child health outcomes in periods when the World Health Organization (WHO) does not declare an epidemic year. These effects are reversed when the WHO declares an epidemic. We find evidence that the influx of disaster aid in response to WHO declarations may partly explain the results. We document an increase in World Bank health projects approved and funded during epidemic years.

Keywords: Epidemic, Disease, Meningitis, Night Lights, Human Capital, Aid, WHO, World Bank

JEL Classification: I15, I18, I24, H84, J16, O12

Suggested Citation

Archibong, Belinda and Annan, Francis and Ekhator-Mobayode, Uche Eseosa, The Epidemic Effect: Global Governance Institutions Mitigate the Effects of Epidemics (June 29, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3571766 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3571766

Belinda Archibong (Contact Author)

Columbia University - Barnard College ( email )

3009 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

Francis Annan

Georgia State University ( email )

35 Broad St NW
Atlanta, GA 30309
United States

Uche Eseosa Ekhator-Mobayode

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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