Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) and Transnational Crime in Africa

Vestnik RUDN. International Relations, 20 (1), 158—169. DOI: 10.22363/2313-0660-2020-20-1-158-169

12 Pages Posted: 24 Apr 2020

Date Written: March 30, 2020

Abstract

This paper analyses the role of the arms trade in the growth and spread of transnational crime in Africa. The work shows that the proliferation and ready availability of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) on the continent is contributing in no small measure to political, economic and social insecurity in Africa. Major transnational crimes that the work identifies in Africa include drug trafficking, human and people trafficking, environmental crimes, arms trafficking and stolen vehicle trafficking. The work uses qualitative research methodology, which involves the extensive collection, collation and analysis of secondary data, to capture the essence and scope of the impacts of SALW on the growth and spread of transnational crime on the continent. A major and significant contribution of the work is the crucial connection that it establishes between the proliferation of SALW and the high incidence and recurrence of transnational crime in Africa. The work shows the destabilizing impacts of the proliferation of SALW in Africa and how these is contributing to the recurrence of conflicts and criminal activities on the continent. In its conclusion, the work recommends that in order for states on the continent to be able to proactively tackle transnational crime and the proliferation of SALW, they will have to do the following: carry-out an extensive and critical survey to create a database that will identify the nature of the different transnational crime that is carried-out in each regions; create (where it does not exist) and, strengthen and implement (where it exist) legislations and laws designed to tackle transnational crime; and encourage interagency cooperation and coordination among the affected states in the regions.

Keywords: small arms and light weapons (SALW), Africa, transnational crime, instability

JEL Classification: Y80

Suggested Citation

Falode, Adewunmi James, Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) and Transnational Crime in Africa (March 30, 2020). Vestnik RUDN. International Relations, 20 (1), 158—169. DOI: 10.22363/2313-0660-2020-20-1-158-169 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3564629

Adewunmi James Falode (Contact Author)

Lagos State University ( email )

Ojo
Lagos State
Nigeria

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
11
Abstract Views
85
PlumX Metrics