Effect of Prescription Opioids and Prescription Opioid Control Policies on Infant Health

61 Pages Posted: 18 Feb 2020 Last revised: 1 Feb 2021

See all articles by Engy Ziedan

Engy Ziedan

Tulane University

Robert Kaestner

University of Chicago; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: February 2020

Abstract

Prescription opioid use among women of reproductive age and pregnant women is relatively common. In this article, we examine whether state opioid control policies affected prescription opioid use and, in turn, infant health and maternal behaviors. We conduct several types of analyses including reduced form analyses of the effect of state policies on infant health and maternal behaviors, and instrumental variables analyses of the effects of prescription opioid use on infant health and maternal behaviors. Results from our analysis suggest that reductions in prescription opioid use because of state prescription opioid control policies have improved infant health modestly at the population level with larger implied effects at the individual level.

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Suggested Citation

Ziedan, Engy and Kaestner, Robert, Effect of Prescription Opioids and Prescription Opioid Control Policies on Infant Health (February 2020). NBER Working Paper No. w26749, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3539316

Engy Ziedan (Contact Author)

Tulane University ( email )

New Orleans, LA 70118
United States

Robert Kaestner

University of Chicago ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

5 Hanover Square 16th floor
New York, NY 10004
United States

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