Transición energética en Alemania e integración de fuentes de energías no convencionales (Energy Transition in Germany and Integration Non-Conventional Energy Sources)

42 Pages Posted: 17 Apr 2020

See all articles by Jesús Botero

Jesús Botero

Universidad EAFIT; Universidad EAFIT - School of Economics and Finance - Center for Research in Economic & Finance (CIEF)

David Cardona

affiliation not provided to SSRN

John Garcia Rendon

Universidad EAFIT

Date Written: December 1, 2019

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: La política energética alemana ha sido, sin duda, un referente a nivel mundial enlo relativo a energías renovables. Con la implementación de la Ley de energías renovables (Erneuerbare Energien Gesetz) en 2000, el 36% del consumo bruto de electricidad en 2018 provino de fuentes renovables. Además, las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero cayeron en 328 millones de toneladas entre 1990 y 2016, al pasar de 1264 a 936 mill ton de CO2. No obstante, esto también ha incrementado el costo de las restricciones, en 2017, alcanzó un nuevo récord de 1400 millones de euros y el precio al consumidor final se incrementó sustancialmente, siendo uno de los más altos de la Unión Europea, pero ya han venido reduciéndose, conforme ha reducido el costo de las nuevas tecnologías. Aun así, el consenso de la sociedad, es que vale la pena pagar esos sobrecostos. Por tanto, es importante conocer el programa de transición energética que ha vivido Alemania y sus efectos, el cual es el objetivo de este
paper

English Abstract: German energy policy has undoubtedly been a worldwide benchmark for renewable energy. With the implementation of the Renewable Energy Sources Act in 2000, 36% of gross electricity consumption in 2018 came from renewable sources. In addition, greenhouse gas emissions fell by 328 million tonnes between 1990 and 2016. However, this has also increased the cost of stabilizing the grid, reaching a new record of 1.4 billion euros in 2017 and the price to the final consumer increased substantially, being one of the highest in the European Union. However, it has already been reducing, as it has reduced the cost of new technologies. Even so, the consensus of society is that these extra costs are worth paying. Therefore, it is important to know the energy transition program that Germany has experienced and its effects, which is the objective of this paper.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

Keywords: Germany electricity market; NCRE; Carbon Emissions; Energy transitionarated

JEL Classification: D47; L11; L51; L78

Suggested Citation

Botero, Jesús and Cardona Vásquez, David and Rendon, John Garcia, Transición energética en Alemania e integración de fuentes de energías no convencionales (Energy Transition in Germany and Integration Non-Conventional Energy Sources) (December 1, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3524984 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3524984

Jesús Botero (Contact Author)

Universidad EAFIT ( email )

Carrera 49 N° 7 sur – 50
Bogotá, Antioquia 00000
Colombia

Universidad EAFIT - School of Economics and Finance - Center for Research in Economic & Finance (CIEF) ( email )

Carrera 49 No. 7 South - 50
Bogotá
Colombia

David Cardona Vásquez

affiliation not provided to SSRN

John Garcia Rendon

Universidad EAFIT

Carrera 49 N° 7 sur – 50
Bogotá, Antioquia 00000
Colombia

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