Transición energética en Francia para la incorporación de fuentes de energías no convencionales y redes inteligentes (Energy Transition in France to Incorporate Nonconventional Energy Sources and Smart Grids)

38 Pages Posted: 17 Apr 2020

See all articles by Jesús Botero

Jesús Botero

Universidad EAFIT; Universidad EAFIT - School of Economics and Finance - Center for Research in Economic & Finance (CIEF)

John Garcia

Universidad EAFIT - School of Economics and Finance - Center for Research in Economic & Finance (CIEF)

Date Written: December 1, 2019

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: La política energética alemana ha sido, sin duda, un referente a nivel mundial enlo relativo a energías renovables. Con la implementación de la Ley de energías renovables (Erneuerbare Energien Gesetz) en 2000, el 36% del consumo bruto de electricidad en 2018 provino de fuentes renovables. Además, las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero cayeron en 328 millones de toneladas entre 1990 y 2016, al pasar de 1264 a 936 mill ton de CO2. No obstante, esto también ha incrementado el costo de las restricciones, en 2017, alcanzó un nuevo récord de 1400 millones de euros y el precio al consumidor final se incrementó sustancialmente, siendo uno de los más altos de la Unión Europea, pero ya han venido reduciéndose, conforme ha reducido el costo de las nuevas tecnologías. Aun así, el consenso de la sociedad, es que vale la pena pagar esos sobrecostos. Por tanto, es importante conocer el programa de transición energética que ha vivido Alemania y sus efectos, el cual es el objetivo de este paper.

English Abstract: Despite the fact that the installed capacity in nuclear energy in the French electricity market still represents the highest percentage, 47% in 2017, non-conventional renewable energies resources, wind and solar, already represent 17% of the total installed capacity; however, in terms of generation, 70% remains nuclear. Furthermore, this market is one of the few in the European Union that has implemented a reliability mechanism and where the tariff for the provision of electricity service promotes a demand response program based on critical peak prices, in order to guarantee the reliability of supply. It is therefore important to know the energy transformation program launched in 2015 in France in order to promote green growth, reduce greenhouse emissions and strengthen energy independence; moreover, what has been done to implement smart grids in this market, which is the aim of this paper.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

Keywords: French electricity market; Reliability mechanism; NCRE; Smart Grid.

JEL Classification: D47; L11; L51; L78

Suggested Citation

Botero, Jesús and Garcia, John, Transición energética en Francia para la incorporación de fuentes de energías no convencionales y redes inteligentes (Energy Transition in France to Incorporate Nonconventional Energy Sources and Smart Grids) (December 1, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3524980 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3524980

Jesús Botero (Contact Author)

Universidad EAFIT ( email )

Carrera 49 N° 7 sur – 50
Bogotá, Antioquia 00000
Colombia

Universidad EAFIT - School of Economics and Finance - Center for Research in Economic & Finance (CIEF) ( email )

Carrera 49 No. 7 South - 50
Bogotá
Colombia

John Garcia

Universidad EAFIT - School of Economics and Finance - Center for Research in Economic & Finance (CIEF) ( email )

Carrera 49 No. 7 South - 50
Bogotá
Colombia

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