Automation, Skills and the Future of Work: What do Workers Think?

33 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2020

See all articles by Carlos Mulas-Granados

Carlos Mulas-Granados

Government of the Kingdom of Spain - Economic Bureau of the President

Richard Varghese

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID)

Judith Wallenstein

Boston Consulting Group

Vizhdan Boranova

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Alice deChalendar

Boston Consulting Group

Date Written: December 2019

Abstract

We exploit a survey data set that contains information on how 11,000 workers across advanced and emerging market economies perceive the main forces shaping the future of work. In general, workers feel more positive than negative about automation, especially in emerging markets. We find that negative perceptions about automation are prevalent among workers who are older, poorer, more exposed to job volatility, and from countries with higher levels of robot penetration. Perceptions over automation are positively viewed by workers with higher levels of job satisfaction, higher educational attainment, and from countries with stronger labor protection. Workers with positive perceptions of automation also tend to respond that re-education and retraining will be needed to adapt to rapidly evolving skill demands. These workers expect governments to have a role in shaping the future of work through protection of labor and new forms of social benefits. The demand for protection and benefits is more significant among women and workers that have suffered job volatility.

Keywords: Labor market characteristics, Labor market regulations, Unemployment, Social welfare programs, Labor markets, Automation, Future of Work, Robotization, Education, Reskilling, Retraining., WP, impact of technology, reeducation, respondent, government protection

JEL Classification: J20, J24, J68, J62, O30, I28, E2, Z13, E01, I3, F1

Suggested Citation

Mulas-Granados, Carlos and Varghese, Richard and Wallenstein, Judith and Boranova, Vizhdan and deChalendar, Alice, Automation, Skills and the Future of Work: What do Workers Think? (December 2019). IMF Working Paper No. 19/288, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3524309

Carlos Mulas-Granados (Contact Author)

Government of the Kingdom of Spain - Economic Bureau of the President ( email )

28071 Madrid
Spain

Richard Varghese

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) ( email )

PO Box 136
Geneva, CH-1211
Switzerland

Judith Wallenstein

Boston Consulting Group ( email )

J.F. Kennedylaan 100
3741 EH Baarn
United States

Vizhdan Boranova

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Alice DeChalendar

Boston Consulting Group ( email )

J.F. Kennedylaan 100
3741 EH Baarn
United States

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