Understanding Decentralisation: Deconcentration and Devolution Processes in the French and Italian Cultural Sectors

33 Pages Posted: 30 Jan 2020

See all articles by Maria Elena Santagati

Maria Elena Santagati

University of Bologna - Department of Management

Sara Bonini Baraldi

University of Turin

Luca Zan

University of Bologna - Department of Management

Date Written: January 9, 2020

Abstract

Purpose: Decentralization is a widespread and international phenomenon in public administration. Despite the interest of public management scholars, an in-depth analysis of the interrelationship between two of its forms − deconcentration and devolution – and their impact on policy and management capacities at the local level is seldom investigated.

Design/Methodology/Approach: This article addresses this gap by examining the implementation of deconcentration and devolution processes in France and Italy in the cultural field, combining the analysis of national reform processes with in-depth analyses of two regional cases. The research is the result of document analysis, participatory observation and semi-structured interviews.

Findings: The article reconstructs the impacts of devolution and deconcentration processes on the emergence of policy and management capacity in two regions (Rhone-Alpes and Piedmont) in the cultural sector. The article shows that decentralization in the cultural sector in France and Italy is the result of different combinations of devolution and deconcentration processes, that the two processes mutually affect their effectiveness, and that this effectiveness is deeply linked to the previous policy and management capacity of the central state in a specific field/country.

Originality/Value: The article investigates decentralisation as a result of the combination of deconcentration and devolution in comparative terms and in a specific sector of implementation, highlighting the usefulness of this approach also for other sectors/countries.

Keywords: decentralization, deconcentration, devolution, regions, cultural sector

JEL Classification: M

Suggested Citation

Santagati, Maria Elena and Bonini Baraldi, Sara and Zan, Luca, Understanding Decentralisation: Deconcentration and Devolution Processes in the French and Italian Cultural Sectors (January 9, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3516716 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3516716

Maria Elena Santagati

University of Bologna - Department of Management ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 1
Bologna, Bologna 40126
ITALY

Sara Bonini Baraldi (Contact Author)

University of Turin ( email )

Via Po 53
Torino, Turin - Piedmont 10100
Italy

Luca Zan

University of Bologna - Department of Management ( email )

Via Capo di Lucca 34
Bologna, 40126
Italy

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