The effects of culture, attitudes and perceptions on industrial cluster policy – the case of Russia
Sosnovskikh, S., & Cronin, B. (2020). The effects of culture, attitudes and perceptions on industrial cluster policy: The case of Russia. Competition & Change.25(3-4), 350-381. https://doi.org/10.1177/1024529420949491
51 Pages Posted: 6 Jan 2020 Last revised: 1 Jul 2021
Date Written: July 1, 2021
Culture, attitudes and perceptions have an underappreciated effect on industrial cluster policies particularly in transition economies, where long-established local social norms are confronted with hard-pressed external imperatives. This paper examines the impact of cultural and governmental peculiarities in the Russian context on the development of Special Economic Zones and Industrial Parks. Based on some stylised facts about the Russian context, in-depth interviews and surveys of the managing companies and tenants of all industrial clusters in Russia, we find cultural and governmental characteristics emerge as major influences on the effective development of industrial cluster policies. We develop an adapted industrial cluster model that accommodates these factors and suggests a policy pathway for mitigation.
Keywords: special economic zone, industrial park, industrial cluster, culture, government, Russia
JEL Classification: E02, F23, F63, H77, L26, L78, M16, O11, O38, O43, P16, P33, R11
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