Extremely Detailed Distribution of Child Sex Ratio in India: A Geographical Analysis of 595,496 Census Villages

24 Pages Posted: 26 Nov 2019

See all articles by Rockli Kim

Rockli Kim

Harvard University - Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences

Praveen Kumar Pathak

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Yun Xu

Harvard College

William Joe

University of Delhi - Institute of Economic Growth (IEG)

Alok Kumar

R Venkatraman

affiliation not provided to SSRN

S. V. Subramanian

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Date Written: February 20, 2019

Abstract

Geographic variation in sex ratio has been assessed across Indian states/union territories and districts, but not at the local level. For the first time we present the multi-level geographies of child sex ratio (CSR) using the 2011 Census data, with a special focus on villages. Here we show that 96% of the total variation in CSR was attributed to villages. While the predicted CSR for all India was 97.1 girls per 100 boys, it ranged from 28.4 to 165.7 for 95% of the villages. Of the 595,496 villages, 39% were ‘boy’ villages (≤88 girls per 100 boys) and another 12% had deficits in girls (88.1-93.0), while 38% had CSR above the normal range (>98). The magnitude of local variation in CSR was heterogeneous across states and districts. Our findings imply that identifying villages with severely skewed CSR for prioritization and investigating ‘normal’ villages to understand local factors that drive balanced sex ratio can better inform policies and programmes to be designed and implemented with greater precision.

Keywords: Child sex ratio; Micro geographic targeting; Precision public policy; Variation; India

Suggested Citation

Kim, Rockli and Pathak, Praveen Kumar and Xu, Yun and Joe, William and Kumar, Alok and Venkatraman, R and Subramanian, S. V., Extremely Detailed Distribution of Child Sex Ratio in India: A Geographical Analysis of 595,496 Census Villages (February 20, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3480399 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3480399

Rockli Kim

Harvard University - Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences ( email )

677 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA 02115
United States

Praveen Kumar Pathak

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Yun Xu

Harvard College ( email )

Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

William Joe

University of Delhi - Institute of Economic Growth (IEG) ( email )

Delhi, 110007
India

R Venkatraman

affiliation not provided to SSRN

S. V. Subramanian (Contact Author)

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health ( email )

677 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA MA 02115
United States

No contact information is available for Alok Kumar

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