Opioid Prescriptions and the Educational Performance of Children

18 Pages Posted: 6 Nov 2019 Last revised: 14 Feb 2020

See all articles by Chad D. Cotti

Chad D. Cotti

University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh

John M. Gordanier

University of South Carolina

Orgul D. Ozturk

University of South Carolina - Moore School of Business - Department of Economics

Date Written: October 27, 2019

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between local-area opioid prescription rates and student performance on end-of-year mathematics exams in the state of South Carolina between 2006-2017. We link individual test score data for 3rd-8th grade students to county-level changes in opioid prescriptions per 100 people. Findings show that an increase in the opioid prescription rate in a county statistically reduced white student test scores, but no such decline was found among non-white students. Among white students the effects are strongest on rural students in households that are not receiving SNAP or TANF benefits. These results are robust to controls for changing county-level economic conditions and controls for student-level poverty.

Keywords: Opioids Prescriptions, Math Test Scores, Academic Outcomes

JEL Classification: I12, I18, I20, I30

Suggested Citation

Cotti, Chad D. and Gordanier, John M. and Ozturk, Orgul D., Opioid Prescriptions and the Educational Performance of Children (October 27, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3476128 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3476128

Chad D. Cotti

University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh ( email )

800 Algoma Blvd
Oshkosh, WI WI 54901
United States

John M. Gordanier

University of South Carolina ( email )

701 Main Street
Columbia, SC 29208
United States

Orgul D. Ozturk (Contact Author)

University of South Carolina - Moore School of Business - Department of Economics ( email )

The Francis M. Hipp Building
1705 College Street
Columbia, SC 29208
United States

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