Hybrid Doctrine: The Grand Strategy for Counterinsurgency and Counterterrorism Operations in Nigeria
Defence Against Terrorism Review (DATR), Vol. 11, 7-31, July 2019
30 Pages Posted: 28 Oct 2019
Date Written: July 1, 2019
Nigeria is confronted with a number of serious security-related challenges. These challenges include terrorism, insurgency, an ethno-religious crisis, kidnappings and farmers-herders conflicts. The most significant of these are the challenges of terrorism and insurgency. Nigeria has been battling insurgency in one form or the other since the 1980s, while terrorism became a major threat to the existence of the state in 2010. To tackle these problems, Nigeria came up with a national counter-terrorism strategic document, NACTEST, in 2014. However, this has failed to combat and contain the spread of terrorism and insurgency in the country. Using the qualitative research methodology and a multi- and trans-disciplinary approach, this work will show that what is needed to bring insurgency and terrorism to an end in the country is a Grand Strategy. This Grand Strategy will have as its bedrock what the author has called the Hybrid Doctrine. The Hybrid Doctrine is a counterinsurgency and counterterrorism manual and has at its core the 4D concepts: Degrade, Depower, Defang and Detox. The paper concludes that the use of this Grand Strategy will effectively, proactively and holistically tackle the twin challenges of terrorism and insurgency that confront the country.
Keywords: Grand Strategy, Hybrid Doctrine, Terrorism, Nigeria, Insurgency, Counterterrorism, Counterinsurgency
JEL Classification: Y80
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation