What Does Leadership Look Like in Schools and Does it Matter for School Performance?

38 Pages Posted: 9 Sep 2019

See all articles by Lucy Stokes

Lucy Stokes

National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR)

Alex Bryson

UCL ; National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR)

Abstract

We consider the role played by school leaders in improving pupil attainment, going beyond previous studies by exploring the leadership roles of deputy and assistant heads and classroom-based teachers with additional leadership responsibilities. Using panel data for state-funded secondary schools in England for the period 2010/11-2015/16 we find academy schools typically employ more staff in leadership roles than community schools. Increases in the number of staff in leadership roles below headship level are associated, at least to some extent, with improved school performance in Single Academy Trusts, but this is not the case for schools that are part of Multi Academy Trusts. Our findings suggest that the potential benefits of distributing leadership within schools may only be realised when leaders have sufficient autonomy.

Keywords: school performance, distributed leadership, leadership, school autonomy

JEL Classification: I21

Suggested Citation

Stokes, Lucy and Bryson, Alex, What Does Leadership Look Like in Schools and Does it Matter for School Performance?. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12580, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3449574

Lucy Stokes (Contact Author)

National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR)

Alex Bryson

UCL ( email )

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London, WC1H 0AL
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://https://iris.ucl.ac.uk/iris/browse/profile?upi=ABRYS65

National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) ( email )

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Smith Square
London, SW1P 3HE
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.niesr.ac.uk/staff/staffdetail.php?StaffID=307

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