A Reconstructor and Nation-Builder: General Yakubu Gowon and Socio-Political Development in Nigeria, 1966-1975

Nigerian Forum, Vol. 40, Nos. 3-4, March/April, 2019: 97-114

8 Pages Posted: 23 Aug 2019 Last revised: 20 Oct 2019

See all articles by Adewunmi James Falode

Adewunmi James Falode

Lagos State University

Joshua Olusegun Bolarinwa

Nigerian Institute of International Affairs (NIIA)

Date Written: April 1, 2019

Abstract

General Yakubu Gowon became Nigeria’s military ruler at a very critical period in the young country’s history in 1966. Due to the various tensions orchestrated by the different ethnic groups in the multi-ethnic state, Nigeria tethered on the verge of collapse by the mid-1960s and eventually lurched into a Civil War in 1966. By the time the war came to an end in 1970, Gowon was confronted with various nation-building challenges such as that of governance, federalism, ethnicity and democracy. To tackle these various nation-building challenges, Gowon introduced targeted programmes and policies designed to turn Nigeria into a cohesive and functional polity. This work is the analysis of the various initiatives used by General Yakubu Gowon between 1966 and 1970. The work discovers that Gowon made use of Praetorian, Conceptual and Institutional mechanisms to tackle the country’s nation-building challenges.

Keywords: Gowon, Nigeria, Nation-Building, Military rule, Praetorian

JEL Classification: Y08

Suggested Citation

Falode, Adewunmi James and Bolarinwa, Joshua Olusegun, A Reconstructor and Nation-Builder: General Yakubu Gowon and Socio-Political Development in Nigeria, 1966-1975 (April 1, 2019). Nigerian Forum, Vol. 40, Nos. 3-4, March/April, 2019: 97-114, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3436353 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3436353

Adewunmi James Falode (Contact Author)

Lagos State University ( email )

Ojo
Lagos State
Nigeria

Joshua Olusegun Bolarinwa

Nigerian Institute of International Affairs (NIIA) ( email )

13/15 Kofo Abayomi Str
Victoria Island
Lagos
Nigeria

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