The Effect of E-Cigarette Taxes on Pre-Pregnancy and Prenatal Smoking

63 Pages Posted: 5 Aug 2019

See all articles by Rahi Abouk

Rahi Abouk

William Paterson University

Scott J. Adams

University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee - Department of Economics

Bo Feng

Georgia State University

Catherine Maclean

Temple University

Michael Pesko

Georgia State University - Department of Economics

Date Written: July 2019

Abstract

We use the universe of birth records in the United States from 2013 to 2018 to examine the effect of e-cigarette tax rates on pre-pregnancy smoking and prenatal smoking. We study these questions using two-way fixed effects models and pregnancy fixed effects models. We show that e-cigarette taxes increase pre-pregnancy smoking, increase prenatal smoking, and lower smoking cessation during pregnancy. These findings imply that e-cigarettes and traditional cigarettes are substitutes among pregnant women. We also find evidence that e-cigarette taxes reduce pre-pregnancy and third trimester e-cigarette use.

Suggested Citation

Abouk, Rahi and Adams, Scott J. and Feng, Bo and Maclean, Catherine and Pesko, Michael, The Effect of E-Cigarette Taxes on Pre-Pregnancy and Prenatal Smoking (July 2019). NBER Working Paper No. w26126, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3428178

Rahi Abouk (Contact Author)

William Paterson University ( email )

Scott J. Adams

University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee - Department of Economics ( email )

3210 N. Maryland Avenue, Bolton Hall 802
Bolton Hall 802
Milwaukee, WI 53211
United States
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Bo Feng

Georgia State University ( email )

33 Gilmer Street SE
Atlanta, GA
United States

HOME PAGE: http://bofeng.weebly.com

Catherine Maclean

Temple University ( email )

Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

Michael Pesko

Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 3992
Atlanta, GA 30302-3992
United States

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