An Agent-Based Model for the Assessment of LTV Caps
42 Pages Posted: 23 Jul 2019
Date Written: July, 2019
We assess the effects of regulatory caps in the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio using agent-based models (ABMs). Our approach builds upon a straightforward ABM where we model the interactions of sellers, buyers and banks within a computational framework that enables the application of LTV caps. The results are first presented using simulated data and then we calibrate the probability distributions based on actual European data from the HFCS survey. The results suggest that this approach can be viewed as a useful alternative to the existing analytical frameworks for assessing the impact of macroprudential measures, mainly due to the very few assumptions the method relies upon and the ability to easily incorporate additional and more complex features related to the behavioral response of borrowers to such measures.
Keywords: borrower-based measures, HFCS survey, house prices, macroprudential policy
JEL Classification: D14, D31, E50, R21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation