Cartel Screening in the Brazilian Fuel Retail Market
23 Pages Posted: 18 Jul 2019 Last revised: 30 Dec 2020
Date Written: July 10, 2019
We aim to evaluate two different econometric screens for identifying anti-competitive behavior in the fuel retail market: (i) The Markov-Switching GARCH (MS-GARCH) Models; (ii) The Local Gaussian Correlation (LGC) approach. Using the gasoline cartel judged and condemned in Brasília as a benchmark, our results indicate that the LGC model, based on the correlation of the resale price margin and price variability, may provide a biased likelihood as well as an incorrect identification of cartel behavior over time. The MSGARCH model, based only on the log deviation of the average gasoline sales price, showed better accuracy in cartel detection.
Keywords: cartel screen, price dynamics, fuel retail market
JEL Classification: L41, L95, C22, C63
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