Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks
29 Pages Posted: 10 Jul 2019
Date Written: June 2019
This paper studies the impact of declining oil prices on banks in sub-Saharan African oil-exporting countries. Results indicate that banks respond differently to an oil shock depending on their ownership: (i) domestic banks are the most adversely impacted and experience a deterioration in asset quality and liquidity; (ii) foreign-owned banks are the most resilient as they are able to improve asset quality and attract deposits but at the same time, they decelerate credit growth; in contrast, (iii) Pan-African Banks help stabilize overall credit but large banks in that segment experience reduced asset quality. These differentiated results suggest a tradeoff between maintaining credit growth and safeguarding financial stability in an oil slump which could be addressed by both micro- and macroprudential policies.
Keywords: Bank credit, Commodity price shocks, Oil prices, Oil revenues, Oil exporting countries, Oil price, non-performing loans, credit growth, deposit growth, bank ownership, bank characteristics, domestic banks, foreign-owned banks, Pan-African banks, sub-Saharan Africa., foreign-owned bank, domestic bank, oil price decline, oil price shock, NPL
JEL Classification: F62, F65, F68, G21, E01, Q, Q02, O13, Q35
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation