Financial Development and Economic Growth in Brazil: Causality Evidences

Banco Central do Brasil Working Paper No. 49

67 Pages Posted: 29 Jan 2003

Date Written: September 2002


This paper aims at verifying the nature of the relationship between financial development and economic growth in Brazil. From the theoretical point-of-view, although the prevailing view through which financial development generate direct impacts on economic growth, there are distinct positions. Some authors argue that, in fact, the two variables are jointly determined, while others simply insert this relation in the theoretical framework of demand for financial assets. In face of this, the causality test proposed by Granger was adopted for the empirical verification. Thus, using data from 1947-2000, 1963-2000 and 1970-2000, the obtained results empirically support the existence of direct and unidirectional impacts of financial development on economic growth, when the following ratios are used as financial development indicators: banking credit to private sector/GDP, financial system credits to private sector/GDP, and public resources in the financial system/M2.

Note: The Downloadable document is in Portuguese.

Keywords: Financial development, economic growth, unit root test, Granger causality

JEL Classification: G20, O16, O40, C20

Suggested Citation

Carneiro de Matos, Orlando, Financial Development and Economic Growth in Brazil: Causality Evidences (September 2002). Banco Central do Brasil Working Paper No. 49, Available at SSRN: or

Orlando Carneiro de Matos (Contact Author)

Central Bank of Brazil ( email )

P.O. Box 08670
SBS Quadra 3 Bloco B - Edificio-Sede
Brasilia DF 70074-900, Distr. Federal 70074-900
55 61 414-1002 (Phone)
55 61 223-2731 (Fax)

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