Estimating Virtual Water Trade in Crops for Saudi Arabia

American Journal of Water Resources, vol. 7, no. 1 (2019): 16-22. doi: 10.12691/ajwr-7-1-3.

7 Pages Posted: 23 May 2019

See all articles by Yosef Alamri

Yosef Alamri

University of Kentucky - Department of Agricultural Economics

Michael R. Reed

University of Kentucky - College of Agriculture - Department of Agricultural Economics

Date Written: January 29, 2019

Abstract

Using the concept of virtual water introduced by Allan 1994 and developed by Hoekstra and Hung (2002), we estimate virtual water trade for 20 crops of Saudi Arabia during 2000-2016. Our result shows the average virtual water trade was 12.6 billion m3/year. Saudi had net virtual water imports, with the most significant virtual water import for cereals & alfalfa and vegetable; and there is a virtual water export of fruit. Saudi virtual water trade reduced pressure on water resources by 54%. Distance plays a role in Saudi virtual water export; we found that more than 90% of exports go to neighboring countries, including 45% to GCC countries. On the other hand, more than 40% of virtual water imports came from Asia.

Keywords: Virtual Water, Import, Export, Saudi Arabia, Crops

Suggested Citation

Alamri, Yosef and Reed, Michael R., Estimating Virtual Water Trade in Crops for Saudi Arabia (January 29, 2019). American Journal of Water Resources, vol. 7, no. 1 (2019): 16-22. doi: 10.12691/ajwr-7-1-3., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3376789

Yosef Alamri (Contact Author)

University of Kentucky - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

Lexington, KY
United States

Michael R. Reed

University of Kentucky - College of Agriculture - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

308 Charles E. Barnhart Bldg.
Lexington, KY 40546-0276
United States
859-257-7259 (Phone)
859-323-1913 (Fax)

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