Tax Compliance and Investment Incentives: Firm Responses to Accelerated Depreciation in China
55 Pages Posted: 21 May 2019 Last revised: 6 May 2020
Date Written: April 20, 2019
We evaluate the effects of a Chinese accelerated depreciation policy that occurred in 2014 on firm investment. We present three findings. First, on average, the policy increased firms' investment in eligible capital, especially the purchase of equipment and machines. Second, the policy effects are stronger for larger firms, firms with more cash, and firms with better access to finance, which tend to be less financially constrained but have better tax compliance. Third, the effect magnitude increases with imputed county tax enforcement but decreases with provincial tax fraud rate. These results shed light on the importance of improving tax compliance in making tax incentives effective.
Keywords: tax compliance, tax incentives, accelerated depreciation, firm investment
JEL Classification: H32, D22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation