Negative Returns: U.S. Military Aid, Domestic Institutions and Anti-American Terrorism
37 Pages Posted: 3 May 2019
Date Written: April 15, 2019
Using cross-national data for 148 countries between 1996 and 2015, we investigate the relationship between U.S. military aid, institutions in aid-receiving countries and anti-American terrorism. We find that countries — such as Columbia and Pakistan — that receive more military aid from the United States are more likely to produce anti-American terrorism. Studying the underlying mechanisms, we find that U.S. military aid contributes to poor domestic institutional conditions; in turn, poor domestic institutions incite anti-American violence. Considering these findings, we argue that U.S. military aid amplifies anti-American terrorism by undermining counter-terrorism effectiveness and facilitating local grievances associated with poor institutional quality.
Keywords: U.S. Military Aid, Anti-American Terrorism, Transnational Terrorism
JEL Classification: D74, F35, F50
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation