Persistent Heterogeneity of R&D Intensities Within Sectors: Evidence and Policy Implications
39 Pages Posted: 8 May 2019
Date Written: July 6, 2018
Do firms in the same sector converge towards the same R&D intensities? Previous research has often assumed this to be true. A closer examination, using microdata from the EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard for the years 2000-2015, shows considerable heterogeneity in R&D intensities among firms in the same sector, and that this heterogeneity persists over time. Statistical tests of convergence show that the variation in R&D intensities does not decrease over time (i.e. no σ-convergence), although firms with an R&D intensity below the industry average do seem to catch up with the leaders (i.e. evidence of β-convergence). Overall, firms in the same industry do not converge to a common R&D intensity. Policy implications are discussed.
Keywords: R&D Investment, R&D Intensity, Convergence, Benchmarking, Heterogeneity, Evolutionary Theory, Sectoral Systems of Innovation
JEL Classification: O3, L2
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation