Productivity Effects of Internationalisation Through the Domestic Supply Chain: Evidence from Europe
46 Pages Posted: 19 Apr 2019
Date Written: September 2018
This paper analyses whether indirect effects of internationalisation occur through the domestic supply chain. We investigate productivity effects for a given firm resulting from the import or export of intermediate inputs by domestic upstream and downstream industries. Using a rich sample of manufacturing firms in 19 EU countries, we find evidence that domestic access to intermediate inputs that are also destined to foreign countries is associated with higher levels of revenue productivity. Further, our results highlight two common, but important, misspecification biases: ignoring the dynamic nature of productivity and estimating a value-added instead of a gross-output production function.
Keywords: Offshoring, Inshoring, Supply Chain, Total Factor Productivity, Trade, Learning
JEL Classification: D22, D24, D57, D83, F14, L25
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